How to Become a Bounty Hunter in Minnesota
There are no specific licenses and requirements to become a bounty hunter in Minnesota. You either open a surety business or seek employment from an insured bail bond business. And regardless of the means, you will need some investigative tools to be efficient in bail enforcement.
If you want to start a surety business, you need to apply to the Department of Commerce for a license. If you want to seek employment from a licensed local bail bond business, you need to prove your skip tracing and fugitive recovery skills. Formal training and education or prior bounty hunting experience will significantly help you to become a competitive fugitive tracker in Minnesota.
Earning a degree in a relevant subject, such as criminal justice, public administration or psychology is a good idea if you are committed to starting a career as a bounty hunter in Minnesota. In addition to making you a better candidate as a skip tracer, a degree also provides opportunities for other law enforcement positions, such as police officer or private investigator.
Bounty Hunting in Minnesota
While the Department of Commerce regulates bail bond agents and the bail bond business in general, Minnesota has no specific law that pertains to bounty hunter. State statutes, however, give those in the bail bond business some authority to make an arrest or hire another individual to make an arrest for them.
Under Minnesota state laws, you can arrest a defendant that is suspected to flee, will not appear in the court hearing or is poised to violate the provisions made in the obligation of record. It is pertinent to remember, however, that this does not give you the right to a forcibly enter the private property of a third party. In State V. Tapia, the Court of Appeals confirmed that those in the bail bond business in Minnesota do not have this authority.
Become a Bounty Hunter in Minnesota
First, you need to decide whether you will work for a bail bond establishment or whether you will register yourself as a business entity.
If you decide to work for a bail bond establishment, find a reputable bounty hunter to partner with. As a new bounty hunter, you need to establish yourself, and there is no better way to do that than to work for someone who is respected among bondsmen.
If you decide to put up a bail bond establishment or a 1-man bail bond service, you should first apply for a license from the Department of Commerce. After that, you should promote yourself among bondsmen.
Your next step is to familiarize yourself with the licensing procedures and bail laws on neighboring states. The fact is, defendants who fail to appear in court as promised do not stay in their home state where an arrest is most likely. Defendants usually run, often to neighboring states.
Minnesota’s closest neighbors are Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, and North and South Dakota. Of these states, Wisconsin and Michigan are the most different. While Wisconsin bans physical bounty hunting, Michigan allows bounty hunting without licensing or training.
Lastly, improve your skip tracing and fugitive recovery competence. You may want to look into schools and companies offering accelerated bounty hunting programs and courses. As a newly practicing skip tracer, your knowledge and ability will help you secure contracts.